Open Data

Definition

Open data occurs when data are freely available to everyone to use, repurpose, and republish without traditional restrictions. Open data promotes transparency in scientific research and fosters collaboration amongst scientific communities and lends itself to interoperability by offering ways to combine data and develop new methodologies that would not otherwise be possible. Data are most useful when they are freely available to the public, easily accessible, described appropriately so that others can use it, reusable, complete and timely. These factors combined foster the quick use of the data and provide better avenues for using the data effectively and collaboratively.

Further Resources

Danskin A. (2013). Linked and Open Data: RDA and Bibliographic Control. JLIS.it: Italian Journal of Library and Information Science 4(1):147-159.

d’Aquin M, Dietze S, Drachsler H, Guy M, Herder E, & Parodi E. (2014). Building the Open Elements of an Open Data Competition. D-Lib Magazine, 20(5/6). doi.org/10.1045/may2014-daquin

Flanagan J. (2013). Open Data for Science Education. Sci-Ed – PloS Blogs.

Holdren JP. (2013). Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research. Washington, D.C.: Office of Science and Technology Policy.

Mitchell E. (2013). Building Blocks of Linked Open Data in Libraries. Library Technology Reports, 49(5): 11-25.

Pabón G, Gutiérrez C, Fernández JD, & Martínez-Prieto MA. (2013). Linked Open Data technologies for publication of census microdata. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 64(9), 1802–1814. doi.org/10.1002/asi.22876.

Schmidt B, Gemeinholzer B, & Treloar A. (2016). Open Data in Global Environmental Research: The Belmont Forum’s Open Data Survey. PLoS ONE, 11(1), e0146695. dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146695

SPARC. (2013). Implementing an Open Data Policy: A Primer for Research Funders.

Wessels B, Finn RL, Linde P, Mazzetti P, Nativi S, Riley S, … Wyatt S. (2014). Issues in the Development of Open Access to Research Data. Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation, 32(1), 49–66. doi.org/10.1080/08109028.2014.956505.

Xia J, Liu Y. (2013). Usage Patterns of Open Genomic Data. College & Research Libraries, 74(2):195-206.

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