NNLM Reading Club: Public Health

NNLM Reading Club: Public Health


Public Health
Left Box

Public Health

Public health is “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private communities, and individuals.” — CEA Winslow


People standing around a ring with words Community


The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) Public Health Coordination Office is committed to supporting local and regional Public Health Departments with health information. The Public Health Digital Library is an evidence-based information resource sharing system. Article delivery and Certified Health Education Specialist (CHES®) classes are two examples of services offered. Learn how you can participate.

Middle Box

Health Equity

Eliminating disparities is essential for a safer and healthier society. A goal of public health is to reach health equity. By studying social determinants, public health professionals can communicate information and formulate policies to advance health and wellness at the local, regional, and national levels ... for all of us.

Visit the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Public Health 101 Series to discover:

  • Key public health terms
  • Historical developments from four public health perspectives
  • Determinants of health and their effects on population health

Healthy People is a service of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Its mission is to provide science-based, 10-year national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. For 3 decades, Healthy People has established benchmarks and monitored progress over time in order to:

  • Encourage collaborations across communities and sectors.
  • Empower individuals toward making informed health decisions.
  • Measure the impact of prevention activities.

Right Box

Organizations

The American Public Health Association (APHA) is the nation’s leading public health member organization. Its mission is to advance the health of all people and all communities, to strengthen the impact of public health professionals, and provide a science-based voice in policy debates.

The Public Health Accreditation Board is a national accreditation program whose vision is to achieve a high-performing governmental public health system. Committed to achieving the highest standards of public health practice, nationally accredited health departments demonstrate a consistent and continued commitment to strengthening their community partnerships, which in turn enables them to better serve their communities.

Topic: Infectious Diseases
Left Box

Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites. Microorganisms that cause disease are collectively called pathogens. Pathogens cause disease either by disrupting the body's normal processes and/or stimulating the immune system to produce a defensive response, resulting in high fever, inflammation, or other symptoms.

Infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another, for example through contact with bodily fluids, by aerosols (through coughing and sneezing), or via a vector, for example, a mosquito. ​Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of death worldwide.

Many diseases become difficult to control if infectious agents evolve resistance to commonly used drugs. Scientists are currently searching for new approaches to treat infectious diseases, focusing on exactly how the pathogens change and drug resistance evolves.


MedlinePlus

Discover more about infectious disease at MedlinePlus, a free and easy-to-use online resource of trusted health and wellness information from the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

MedlinePlus logo


The Facemask Through the Centuries

CBS Sunday Morning. May 31, 2020. Originating during the Black Death of the Middle Ages, face coverings were used to protect against the transmission of disease. Mark Phillips talks with medical historian Mark Honigsbaum ("The Pandemic Century”) about the purpose and style of face masks.

Right Box

Library Programming

Share the Latest COVID-19 Information

The purpose of the Coronavirus Self-Checker is to help people living in the United States make decisions about seeking appropriate medical care. The system is not intended for the diagnosis or treatment of disease or other conditions, including COVID-19. Embed the CDC widget on your library website. The widget is available in a variety of languages and format styles.

The virus causing coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19) is SARS-CoV-2. It's a novel or new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. It is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold. The novel virus presents many different symptoms. Some are so mild that you may not even notice any symptoms, while others are life-threatening.

COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Take steps to help your community learn and protect itself from spreading the virus. Get the latest public health information: https://www.coronavirus.gov/ and https://usa.gov/coronavirus. Get the latest research information from the National Institutes of Health (NIH): https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus

Show the Science

Image to of spray bottle and hand"Hands-on" activities help raise awareness of how germs and viruses are transmitted. The aim of Handshake Hazard is to raise awareness of the transmission of bacteria and to show how easily germs can spread from person to person and on different surfaces. The key message is that thorough hand washing can reduce the spread of bacteria.

Videos

​Share CDC information on how to properly wear a face mask to help stop the spread of germs and viruses. Use Cloth Face Coverings to Help Slow the Spread of COVID-19

CDC poster Wash Your HandsPosters

Ready-to-use printable posters from the CDC can help raise awareness about hand washing. Place them in highly visible public areas, such as schools, workplaces, and restrooms. They are designed for all audiences, and some are available in multiple sizes and languages.

English: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 523K]
Spanish: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 484K]
French: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 1.5M]
Arabic: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 1.5M]
Bengali: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 1.5M]
Chinese: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 1.5M]
Portuguese: 11×17 pdf icon[PDF – 1.5M]
Urdu: 11×17 pdf icon [PDF – 1.5M]
Haitian Creole: 11 x 17 pdf icon [PDF – 470K]


There's an NIH for that... and more

Topic: Vaccinations and Immunizations
Left Box

Vaccinations and Immunizations

Every year, between 50,000 and 90,000 adults who live in the United States die from infectious diseases or their complications. Fortunately, people can survive deadly infectious diseases such as influenza, pneumonia, and polio if they are vaccinated.


Fact Sheets


Videos and Infographics

Measles Inforgraphic


There's an NIH for that .... and more

Right Box

Library Programming

The Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) promotes vaccines during National Immunization Awareness Month in November. But don't wait! Help remind family, friends, and coworkers to stay up to date on their shots throughout the year. Consider using resources and program suggestions from the NNLM.


Citizen Science

Science Friday has teamed up with Flu Near You to recruit a national team of everyday citizens, you, to build a real-time map of the rise and fall of influenza-like illness in the United States. It’s as simple as reporting how you feel each week.

 


Video Discussion

Watch and discuss the PBS NOVA series, Vaccines - Calling the Shots, which takes viewers around the world to track epidemics, explore the science behind vaccinations, hear from parents wrestling with vaccine-related questions, and shed light on the risks of opting out.


NLM Exhibition Program

Politics of Yellow Fever Promotional Flyer

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) Exhibition Program produces lively and informative exhibitions that enhance awareness of and appreciation for the health information resources of the National Library of Medicine. These exhibitions and supportive educational resources engage diverse audiences and explore a variety of topics in the history of medicine.

NLM circulates the collection of traveling banner exhibitions free of charge to the public, university, and medical libraries, as well as cultural centers across the country for a select period of time. However, the exhibitions and educational resources also are made available online as part of a permanent digital gallery collection. You can view, discuss, and learn anytime.


Vaccine Finder

Add the Vaccine Finder widget to your website to help your community find a vaccination location. Copy the widget code, available in English and Spanish, from website.


Young Readers

Help young readers delve into the biology and mechanisms of infections, diseases, and immunity.

  • Book Cover Science Comics PlaguesScience Comics: Plagues: The Microscopic Battlefield | Falynn Koch | Macmillan | 128 pages | ISBN: 978-1626727526 | Grade Level 4-8
  • Book cover Baby Medical School VaccinesBaby Medical School: Vaccines | Margot Alesund | CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform | 2017 | 30 pages | ISBN: 978-1978106819 | Grade Level 1-2​

Workshop Kit

Our Best Shot: Workshop Kit is designed for community leaders hosting workshops for seniors and their caregivers on the basics of vaccination. The “soup-to-nuts” kit covers how vaccines work, common vaccine-preventable diseases, vaccine safety and efficacy, the vaccine schedule for adults 60-64 and 65+, and where and how to get vaccinated. A quiz is designed for participants to use during the workshop as a discussion tool. Consider asking a public health nurse to administer the influenza vaccination.


Library Skills Training

The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) provides in-person and online instruction. Live webinars often are recorded for future viewing. Check the NNLM Training page for a complete list of programs and schedules.


History of Vaccinations

Book: The Murmur of Bees
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join Us for a Discussion of Murmur of Bees

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for The Murmur of Bees: A Novel
Download and print the PDF

Right Box

Book

Book cover image of The Murmur of Bees

Set against the backdrop of the Mexican Revolution and the devastating influenza of 1918, The Murmur of Bees captures both the fate of a country in flux and the destiny of one family that has put their love, faith, and future in the unbelievable. From the day that old Nana Reja found a baby abandoned under a bridge, the life of a small Mexican town forever changed. Disfigured and covered in a blanket of bees, little Simonopio is for some locals the stuff of superstition, a child kissed by the devil. But he is welcomed by landowners Francisco and Beatriz Morales, who adopt him and care for him as if he were their own. As he grows up, Simonopio becomes a cause for wonder to the Morales family, because when the uncannily gifted child closes his eyes, he can see what no one else can—visions of all that’s yet to come, both beautiful and dangerous. Followed by his protective swarm of bees and living to deliver his adoptive family from threats—both human and those of nature—Simonopio’s purpose in Linares will, in time, be divined.

The Murmer of Bees: A Novel (Translation by Simon Bruni) | Sofía Segovia | Amazon Crossing | 2019 | 476 pages | ISBN: 978-1542040495

​El murmullo de las abejas (Spanish paperback) | Sofía Segovia | Debolsillo | 2019 | 496 pages | ISBN: 978-6073156035


Author

Sofía Segovia photoSofía Segovia was born in Monterrey, Mexico. She studied communications at Universidad de Monterrey, thinking mistakenly that she would be a journalist. But fiction is her first love. A creative writing teacher, she has also been a ghostwriter and communications director for local political campaigns and has written several plays for local theater. Her novels include Noche de huracán (Night of the Hurricane)El murmullo de las abejas (The Murmur of Bees)--which was called the literary discovery of the year by Penguin Random House and named Novel of the Year by iTunes - and Huracán. Sofía likes to travel the world, but she loves coming home to her husband, three children, two dogs, and a cat. She writes her best surrounded and inspired by their joyous

Book: Severance
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join us for a discussion of Severance

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for Severance: A Novel
Download and print the PDF

Right Box

Book

Book cover image of Severance

Candace Chen, a millennial drone self-sequestered in a Manhattan office tower, is devoted to routine. With the recent passing of her Chinese immigrant parents, she’s had her fill with uncertainty. She’s content just to carry on: She goes to work, troubleshoots the teen-targeted Gemstone Bible, watches movies in a Greenpoint basement with her boyfriend. So Candace barely notices when a plague of biblical proportions sweeps New York. Then Shen Fever spreads. Families flee. Companies cease operations. The subways screech to a halt. Her bosses enlist her as part of a dwindling skeleton crew with a big end-date payoff. Soon entirely alone, still unfevered, she photographs the eerie, abandoned city as the anonymous blogger NY Ghost. Candace won’t be able to make it on her own forever, though. Enter a group of survivors, led by the power-hungry IT tech Bob. They’re traveling to a place called the Facility, where, Bob promises, they will have everything they need to start society anew. But Candace is carrying a secret she knows Bob will exploit. Should she escape from her rescuers? A send-up and takedown of the rituals, routines, and missed opportunities of contemporary life, Ling Ma’s Severance is a moving family story, a quirky coming-of-adulthood tale, and a hilarious, deadpan satire. Most important, it’s a heartfelt tribute to the connections that drive us to do more than survive.ebook icon Audio book icon

Named a Best Book of the Year by NPR | Winner of the NYPL Young Lions Fiction Award | Winner of the Kirkus Prize for Fiction | Winner of the VCU Cabell First Novelist Award | Finalist for the PEN/Hemingway Award for Debut Novel | New York Times Notable Book of 2018 | An Indie Next Selection

Severance: A Novel | Ling Ma | Farrar, Straus and Giroux | 2019 | 304 pages | ISBN: 978-1250214997

Review

Ling Ma headshot photoAuthor

Ling Ma was born in Sanming, China, and grew up in Utah, Nebraska, and Kansas. She attended the University of Chicago and received an MFA from Cornell University. Prior to graduate school, she worked as a journalist and an editor. Her writing has appeared in GrantaVICEPlayboyChicago ReaderNinth Letter, and other publications. A chapter of Severance received the 2015 Graywolf SLS Prize. She lives in Chicago.

Book: A Song for A New Day
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join Us for a Discussion of Song for a New Day

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for A Song for a New Day
Download and print the PDF

Right Box

Book

After a global pandemic makes public gatherings illegal and concerts impossible, except for those willing to break the law for the love of music—and for one chance at human connection. Rosemary Laws barely remembers the Before times. She spends her days in Hoodspace, helping customers order all of their goods online for drone delivery—no physical contact with humans needed. By a lucky chance, she finds a new job and a new calling: discover amazing musicians and bring their concerts to everyone via virtual reality. The only catch is that she’ll have to do something she’s never done before and go out in public. Find illegal concerts and bring musicians into the limelight they deserve. But when she sees how the world could actually be, that won’t be enough.ebook icon Audio book icon

A Song for A New Day | Sarah Pinsker | Berkley Press | 2019 | 384 pages | ISBN: 978-1984802583

Author

Sarah Pinsker headshot

Sarah Pinsker‘s Nebula and Sturgeon Award-winning short fiction has appeared in Asimov’s and F&SF, as well as numerous other magazines, anthologies, and translation markets. She is a singer/songwriter who has toured behind three albums on various independent labels. Her first collection, Sooner or Later Everything Falls Into the Sea, was released in early 2019 by Small Beer Press. A Song for a New Day is her first novel. She lives with her wife in Baltimore, Maryland.

Book: On Immunity
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join Us for a Discussion

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for On Immunity: An Inoculation
Download and print the PDF

Right Box

Book

Book cover image On Immunity

In this book, Eula Biss addresses some people's fears of the government, the medical establishment, and what may be in their children's air, food, mattresses, medicines, and vaccines. Reflecting on her own experience as a new mother, she suggests that we cannot immunize our children, or ourselves, against the world. As she explores the metaphors surrounding immunity, Biss extends her conversations with other mothers to meditations on the myth of Achilles, Voltaire's Candide, Bram Stoker's Dracula, Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, Susan Sontag's AIDS and Its Metaphors, and beyond. On Immunity is her moving account of how we are all interconnected - our bodies and our fates.​ebook icon Audio book icon

A National Book Critics Circle Award Finalist

On Immunity: An Innoculation | Eula Bliss | Graywolf Press | 2015 reprint | 224 pages | ISBN: 978-1555977207

Author

Head shot photo of Eula Bliss

Eula Biss is the author of The Balloonists and Notes from No Man's Land, which won the National Book Critics Circle Award in criticism and which Salon deemed "the most accomplished book of essays anyone has written or published so far in the twenty-first century." Her work has appeared in The BelieverHarper's Magazine, and The New York Times. She has received fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation, the Howard Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Arts. She lives in the Chicago area and teaches at Northwestern University.

Official Website of Eula Bliss

Interviews

Reading icon image[Six Questions] Discussing On Immunity: An Inoculation with Eula Biss. By Geoffrey Gleaves. Harper's Magazine. October 1, 2014

Book: The Vaccine Race
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join Us For A Discussion

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for The Vaccine Race
Download and print the PDF

Audio Clip

Right Box

Book

Book cover image The Vaccine RaceMeredith Wadman discusses the epic and controversial story of a major breakthrough in cell biology that led to the conquest of rubella and other devastating diseases. Until the late 1960s, tens of thousands of American children suffered crippling birth defects if their mothers had been exposed to rubella, popularly known as German measles, while pregnant; there was no vaccine and little understanding of how the disease devastated fetuses. In June 1962, a young biologist in Philadelphia, using tissue extracted from an aborted fetus from Sweden, produced safe, clean cells that allowed the creation of vaccines against rubella and other common childhood diseases. Two years later, in the midst of a devastating German measles epidemic, his colleague developed the vaccine that would one day wipe out homegrown rubella. The rubella vaccine and others made with those fetal cells have protected more than 150 million people in the United States, the vast majority of them preschoolers. The new cells and the method of making them also led to vaccines that have protected billions of people around the world from polio, rabies, chickenpox, measles, hepatitis A, shingles, and adenovirus.ebook icon Audio book icon

The Vaccine Race | Meredith Wadman | Penguin Books | 2018 reprint | 464 pages | ISBN: 978-0143111313

Author

Meredith Wadman, MD, has covered biomedical research politics from Washington, DC, for twenty years and written for Nature, Fortune, The New York TimesThe Wall Street Journal, and, currently, Science. A graduate of Stanford University and the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, she began medical school at the University of British Columbia and completed medical school as a Rhodes Scholar at the University of Oxford.

Official Website of Meredith Wadman

Interview

Listen icon imageWhat the Race to Develop the Rubella Vaccine Teaches Us About Fighting Disease Today with Joshua Johnson. NPR: 1A. February 28, 2017

Book: Vaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism
Left Box

NNLM Reading Club Book

Do you want to share this book with your reading group? The Network of the National Library of Medicine (NNLM) has made it easy to download the discussion questions, promotional materials, and supporting health information.

Promotion

Join the Discussion

Facebook or Twitter JPG
Customizable PDF*
How to edit PDF files

Discussion

Discussion Guide for Vaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism
Download and print the PDF

Right Box

Book

Book cover image Vaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism

In Vaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism, Dr. Hotez draws on his experiences as a pediatrician, vaccine scientist, and father of an autistic child. Outlining the arguments on both sides of the debate, he examines the science that refutes the concerns of the anti-vaccine movement, debunks current conspiracy theories alleging a cover-up by the CDC, and critiques the scientific community's failure to effectively communicate the facts about vaccines and autism to the general public, all while sharing his very personal story of raising a now-adult daughter with autism.ebook icon Audio book icon

Vaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism: My Journey as a Vaccine Scientist, Pediatrician, and Autism Dad | Peter J Hotez MD Ph.D. | Johns Hopkins University Press | 2018 | 240 pages | ISBN: 978-1421426600

Author

Photo of Dr. Peter Hotez posing with his daughter, Rachel (Credit: Copyright 2017 Brian Goldman/Goldman Pictures)

Peter J. Hotez, MD, Ph.D., is the founding dean of The National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, as well as director of the Texas Children’s Hospital Center for Vaccine Development. He is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine of National Academies as well as the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. A pediatrician and an expert in vaccinology and tropical disease, Hotez has authored hundreds of peer-reviewed articles and editorials as well dozens of textbook chapters.

Official Website of Peter J. Hotez, MD, Ph.D.

Interviews

Reading icon imageA Vaccine Doctor Who's an Autism Dad. By Maggie Galehouse. TMC News. November 2, 2018.

Listen icon imageVaccines Did Not Cause Rachel's Autism by Elsa Partan & Heather Goldstone. NPR: Living Lab Radio on WCAI. November 19, 2018.